October 19, 1781: British General <a href="/ce6/people/A0813613.html">Cornwallis</a> surrendered to General <a href="/ce6/people/A0851533.html">George Washington</a> at Yorktown, Va., bringing an end to the last major battle of the <a href="/ce6/history/A0803694.html">American Revolution</a>.
October 19, 1812: French troops under <a href="/ce6/people/A0834841.html">Napoleon Bonaparte</a> began their retreat from Moscow.
October 19, 1960: The United States imposes a partial embargo on goods exported to <a href="/node/70476">Cuba</a>.
October 19, 1983: The Senate passed a bill (78–22) making <a href="/ce6/people/A0827680.html">Martin Luther King, Jr.'s</a>, birthday a public holiday.
October 19, 1987: The stock market crashed on what came to be known as "Black Monday." Stocks dropped a record 508 points, or 22.6%, topping the drops on October 28 and 29 in 1929 that ushered in the <a href="/ce6/history/A0821657.html">Great Depression</a>.
More events from This Day in History: October 19